@4cminews tweet: 2020 MAY 26 China Building, Bugging Government Offices in African Nations, Report Says

EDITORIAL: 2020 MAY 26 **CHINA BUILDING, BUGGING GOVERNMENT OFFICES IN AFRICAN NATIONS, REPORT SAYS** , , , , , , READ HERE: 4cminews.com/?p=52042

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@4cminews tweet: 2018 MAR 05 Will China’s Belt and Road Initiative Push Vulnerable Countries into A Debt Crisis?

EDITORIAL: 2018 MAR 05 **WILL CHINA’S BELT AND ROAD INITIATIVE PUSH VULNERABLE COUNTRIES INTO A DEBT CRISIS?** , , , , , , , , , , , READ HERE: https://4cminews.com/?p=52187 

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2018 MAR 05 Will China’s Belt and Road Initiative Push Vulnerable Countries into a Debt Crisis?

As China’s Communist Party paves the way for President Xi Jinping’s indefinite leadership, the international community should expect the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)—President Xi’s signature global infrastructure plan spanning Asia, Europe, and Africa—to be further cemented as China’s primary strategy of global engagement for years to come. In a new CGD paper, we assess the likelihood of debt problems in the 68 countries we identify as potential BRI borrowers.

THE BIG TAKEAWAY: BRI is unlikely to cause a systemic debt problem, yet the initiative will likely run into instances of debt problems among select participating countries—requiring better standards and improved debt practices from China.

Here’s what we found:

I: BRI creates the potential for significantly increased debt sustainability problems in at least eight countries. In BRI countries vulnerable to debt distress, we incorporate an identified BRI pipeline of project lending to estimate changes in a country’s public debt and concentration of debt with China as a creditor. Along these two dimensions, we identify eight countries of particular concern where China, as the dominant creditor, will be in the key position to address problems that may arise:

Immediate Marginal Impact of BRI Project Lending Pipeline

II: Looking at the entire range of countries in the initiative, the risk of debt distress is not widespread. The majority of BRI countries will likely avoid problems of debt distress due to BRI projects:

Belt and Road Initiative Investments and Debt Riskiness by Country

III: China should demonstrate its commitment to a responsible role on the international stage by adopting and advancing multilateral standards for debt sustainability and improving debt management practices. China’s track record managing debt distress has been problematic, and unlike the world’s other leading government creditors, China has not signed on to well-established rules of the road when it comes to avoiding unsustainable lending and addressing debt problems when they arise. Given the likelihood of debt problems in select cases, we make the following recommendations for how China and major BRI partners can better align with existing disciplines and standards:

Multilateralize the Belt and Road Initiative: Currently, institutions like the World Bank and Asian Development Bank are lending their reputations to the initiative while only seeking to obtain operational standards that will apply to a very narrow slice of BRI projects: those financed by the MDBs themselves. Before going further, the MDBs should press the Chinese government when it comes to the lending standards that will apply to any BRI project, no matter the lender.

Consider additional mechanisms to agree to lending standards: We suggest a post-Paris Club approach to collective creditor action, the implementation of a China-led G-20 sustainable financing agenda, and the use of China’s aid dollars to mitigate risks of default.

Original Source: Date-stamped: 2018 MAR 05 | Author: John Hurley, Scott Morris and Gailyn Portelance | Article Title: Will China's Belt and Road Initiative Push Vulnerable Countries into a Debt Crisis? | Article Link: cgdev.org

Hashtags: #4cminewswire, #4cminews, #China, #BRI, #DebtDistress, #Infrastructure, #Asia, #Europe, #Africa, #JohnHurley, #ScottMorris, #GailynPortelance, 4CM2018MAY05

Tags: 4cminewswire, 4cminews, China, BRI, Debt Distress, Infrastructure, Asia, Europe, Africa, John Hurley, Scott Morris, Gailyn Portelance, 4CM2018MAY05

2020 MAY 26 China Building, Bugging Government Offices in African Nations, Report Says

 

The facade of the headquarters of the African Union (AU) is pictured on March 13, 2019, in Addis Ababa. (Photo by Ludovic MARIN / POOL / AFP) (Photo credit should read LUDOVIC MARIN/AFP via Getty Images)

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Remarks

China has been building key government offices and facilities in African countries for decades and fitting them with gear that likely allows the Chinese government to spy on everyone, from presidents and prime ministers to judges and generals and beyond, according to a recent Heritage Foundation report. FULL STORY HERE: https://4cminews.com/?p=52042


More than 186 buildings constructed by China in 40 of the 54 nations in Africa house the sort of sensitive data and activity that invites surveillance, Heritage researcher Joshua Meservey found. 

The Palace of Justice in the Angolan capital of Luanda was built in 2012, while in the notorious kleptocracy of Equatorial Guinea, the Chinese erected the Ministry of Foreign Affairs building in 2015. And in Zimbabwe, where its former leader, the late Robert Mugabe, once called Chinese leader Xi Jinping “a God-sent person,” China has built the country’s National Defense College and is constructing its parliament, according to the report.

In all, “Chinese companies have built, expanded, or renovated at least 24 presidential or prime minister residences or offices; at least 26 parliaments or parliamentary offices; at least 32 military or police installations; and at least 19 ministries of foreign affairs buildings,” the report states.

That gives Beijing extraordinary access to gain insights into the most intimate workings of governments across Africa, and to the information that gives China clairvoyant-like powers to adjust its tactics to maximum advantage.

In conjunction with physical assets, China has also built 14intra-governmental telecommunication networks,” with Chinese-made systems such as those from Huawei. Meservey expects that those networks are all compromised in favour of China’s intelligence-gathering activities, giving the regime a significant advantage over not only its political and commercial competitors in Africa, but also over host-country officials who may themselves be liable for misdeeds.

The breadth and depth of intelligence coverage China has been able to achieve through its construction projects across Africa is a sign of the continent’s importance to Beijing’s geopolitical strategies, the report points out.

The Evidence

China’s Spying Breaches: African Union’s Headquarters

The suspicion that many of these facilities act as listening stations for Beijing is bolstered by two factors.

China has already been caught red-handed vacuuming up years of data from one of Africa’s most important public buildings. In 2018, first Le Monde and then the Financial Times ran stories exposing two systemic security breaches that China had hard-wired into the building it constructed and donated for the African Union’s headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

The first was the discovery that the AU’s servers, also a Chinese gift, were uploading data to servers in Shanghai, nightly from midnight to 2 a.m.

The other breach at the AU was more tactile. A physical inspection of the AU building uncovered listening devices throughout the building.

Aside from the AU case, which offers direct evidence of China’s ability, and, more importantly, its willingness to spy on and compromise a friend, a second factor adds compelling circumstantial evidence to the likelihood that China is spying on Africa through the medium of its building infrastructure there.

That evidence is found in China, where for decades, apartment compounds and hotels were built that exclusively housed foreigners. In most if not all of those facilities, listening equipment was deployed to monitor conversations and movements of residents and guests, according to multiple Chinese Communist Party and foreign business and diplomatic sources. Those compounds include groups of diplomatic apartment buildings in Beijing, as well as hotels operating under major Western European and American brand names.

Indeed, even foreign students in China are known to have found microphones in their dormitories.

The Ramifications

China is using infrastructure that it builds in Africa to spy on political and business leaders and events, and the scope of surveillance isn’t limited to Africans.

The high probability that China is using infrastructure that it builds in Africa to spy on political and business leaders and events should give the United States pause, the report suggests. If the capability to spy in Africa is being used, then it means that China “has better surveillance access to Africa” than any other nation operating on the continent, Meservey writes.

Using that access and the inside knowledge it provides gives China an advantage in competitive commercial negotiations.

It also tips Beijing about who in Africa can be influenced to make decisions favourable to China’s goals, and how to exert and recruit that influence.

But the scope of surveillance isn’t limited to Africans, the report points out. Anyone in a room built or equipped by China can be the subject of Beijing’s listening capabilities, including U.S. and other foreign officials.

In addition, activities that take place in those physical locations between a host country and any other foreign nation also become vulnerable to Chinese spying, compromising “diplomatic strategies, military counter-terrorism operations, [and] joint military exercises.”

Which is why, Meservey advises, “the U.S. should try to complicate Beijing’s surveillance … as part of a strategic response to the CCP’s [Chinese Communist Party] effort to reshape the global order.”

Beijing’s Reaction

China’s Foreign Ministry

In his May 22 press conference, Zhao Lijian, spokesperson for China’s Foreign Ministry, called the Heritage report’s claims “ridiculous” and “based on nothing but lies, illusions, and ideological bias,” in response to China Daily’s request to comment on the report.

In addition, “African leaders publicly refuted such rumors on multiple occasions,” Zhao said.

The Heritage report anticipated that response.

“Expect little help—and perhaps even resistance—from some African states. Given how adroitly the CCP has built influence in Africa and the many examples of African countries fearing to defy Beijing, the U.S. should not expect these governments to offer much assistance in ameliorating America’s counterintelligence problem in Africa,” the author writes.

In fact, “some, if asked, or in an attempt to curry CCP favour, may even actively collaborate with Beijing to hinder American efforts to protect its interests on the continent.”

Original Source: Date-stamped: 2020 May 24/26 | Author: Bonnie Evans | Article Title: China Building, Bugging Government Offices in African Nations, Report Says | Article Link: theepochtimes.com

Hashtags: #4cminewswire, #China, #Africa, #Huawei, #4cminews, #4CMiTV, #4CM2020MAY26

Tags: 4cminewswire, China, Africa, Huawei, 4cminews, 4CMiTV, #4CM2020MAY26


The CCP Stitchup ‘Belt Road Initiative’ CURATED ARTICLES INDEX LIST.

PUBLISHED

HEADING

FORMAT

2017 MAR 01 Understanding China’s Belt and Road Initiative EDITORIAL
2017 MAR 24 China’s ‘One Belt, One Road’ Initiative EDITORIAL
2017 NOV 10 What Is the Belt and Road Initiative? EDITORIAL
2018 MAR 04 Whitepaper: Examining the Debt Implications of The Belt and Road Initiative from A Policy Perspective EDITORIAL
2018 MAR 05 Will China’s Belt and Road Initiative Push Vulnerable Countries into a Debt Crisis? EDITORIAL
2018 APR 03 How Big Is China’s Belt and Road? EDITORIAL
2018 JUL 30 What Is China’s Belt and Road Initiative? EDITORIAL
2018 SEP 03 OECD: China’s Belt and Road Initiative in The Global Trade, Investment and Finance Landscape EDITORIAL
2018 SEP 14 Belt and Road Initiative Explained VIDEO
2018 NOV 14 China Luring Pacific Islands with One Belt, One Road Investments EDITORIAL
2018 DEC 06 One Belt, One Road, One Big Mistake EDITORIAL
2018 DEC 13 Exported Tyranny; Telecom Role in the CCP’s One Belt, One Road EDITORIAL
2018 DEC 18 China Uses ‘Debt Trap’ Diplomacy to Seek Hegemony EDITORIAL
2019 MAY 24 The Debt Trap of One Belt, One Road: The Price of Following China EDITORIAL
2019 SEP 27 China; the Economic Warfare; (BRI) ‘Belt Road Initiate’ & ‘Made in China 2025’ (MIC25) VIDEO
2019 OCT 01 China’s Path Forward Is Getting Bumpy EDITORIAL
2019 OCT 25 Victoria Deepens Engagement with Beijing’s Controversial Belt and Road Initiative EDITORIAL
2019 OCT 30 Australian Perspectives on The Belt and Road Initiative EDITORIAL
2019 NOV 08 The Curious Strategy Behind Beijing’s Belt and Road Initiative MoU With Victoria EDITORIAL
2019 NOV 12 The US Is Scrambling to Invest More in Asia To Counter China’s ‘Belt and Road’ Mega-Project. EDITORIAL
2020 MAY 21 Vic Government ‘Clothed in Secrecy’ Over Beijing Links VIDEO
2020 MAY 21 Australia’s State of Victoria Pushing Ahead with Belt and Road Plans, Despite Canberra’s Objections EDITORIAL
2020 MAY 22 Australia: Victoria’s Belt and Road Initiative Deal Undermines Cohesive National China Policy EDITORIAL
2020 MAY 24 More Countries May Fall into China’s Debt Trap With COVID-19 EDITORIAL
2020 MAY 26 China Building, Bugging Government Offices in African Nations, Report Says EDITORIAL
2020 MAY 27 Victoria’s Belt and Road consultant has (strong ties to powerful Chinese communists) VIDEO
2020 MAY 27 Belt and Roads has (damaged Victoria’s reputation) VIDEO
2020 MAY 28 VIC ALP (Given Green Light for China’s Belt and Road Deal by LP Graham Fletcher, DFAT) VIDEO
2020 MAY 28 Lack of transparency; over BRI Vic-China deal (shows Daniel Andrews is hiding something) VIDEO
2020 MAY 28 Victoria (undermines) foreign policy but won’t call out China’s human rights abuses VIDEO
2020 MAY 28 Commonwealth (should desperately) seek to (interfere) with Vic’s Belt and Road deal VIDEO
2020 MAY 28 Commonwealth (should desperately) seek to (interfere) with Vic’s Belt and Road deal VIDEO
2020 MAY 29 Premier Andrews ‘Rebuked by federal Labor’ for Vic-China Investment Deal VIDEO
2020 JUN 02 Victoria Chooses a ‘Fist Full of Dollars’ Over Human Rights VIDEO
2020 JUN 03 VIC Labor MPs Forced to Take a Stand Against China VIDEO
2020 JUN 05 The ‘Trade-Off’ for Cheap Chinese Products has Come at a ‘Huge Ethical Cost’ VIDEO
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Hashtags: #4cminewswire, #4cminews, #OBOR, #BRI #Europe #China #Eurasia, #IndianOcean, #Africa, #Oceania, #Australia, #Renminbi, , #4CM2020MAY25